1 large chicken – use one cut in eighths
Soup Greens: You can buy packaged "soup greens." (If it includes a potato – take it out)
I prefer to buy the soup greens separately:
1 leek– rinse and trim off dry or discolored ends of leaves and cut leek in half or thirds. If you can't find a leek – use an extra onion)
4 ribs celery – rinse and remove leafy parts, trim ends and cut into half or thirds
curley parsley – use about 1/3 to 1/2 package
dill weed – use about 1/3 to 1/2 package
Make a double thick square out cheesecloth – probably about 12” or 14.” Put the cut leek, celery, parsley and dill on cheesecloth and tie cheesecloth into a pouch by tying two opposite corners together first – then other opposite corners on top of first knot and continue to try to overlap and tie corner ends to enclose the vegetables so they don’t fall out during cooking.
1 large onion -peel and trim off stem end – leave whole
5-6 Carrots - scrape clean, and cut carrots in halves
2 white parsnips – scrape as you would a carrot and trim thin slice off ends
1 large turnip – scrub with vegetable brush and thinly slice off ends
Put chicken into large pot and cover chicken with cold water + about an inch or two more water
Bring to low simmer – do NOT boil. After a few minutes “foamy” stuff will start to rise to the top. Skim it off with large spoon – otherwise you will have “cloudy” soup. This takes a while and you’ll have to stir the pot a few times to bring more of the stuff to the surface. Get off as much out as you can without making yourself crazy or taking too much time with it (about 15 minutes should do it).
Add the vegetables: The whole cheesecloth pouch and the onions, carrots, parsnip, turnip.
Add seasonings: salt, white pepper (you can use black), celery salt, onion powder, 2-4 chicken boullion cubes
Cover pot and let simmer for about 1 – 1½ hours. Taste after about first 45 minutes and adjust seasonings if more are needed. You can add a small can of plain chicken broth at this time for flavor.
Test chicken for doneness after about 1½ hours. It should be fork tender and the vegetables should also be soft by this time. If you are adding another small can of chicken broth, do it now. Continue cooking if necessary, testing every 15 minutes – you don’t want the chicken to get so soft that it falls off the bones.
When chicken and vegetables are soft, remove all from pot except carrots. Strain soup.
You can eat as is or add noodles or matzoh balls. I don’t know how to make them from scratch, I buy the Matzoh Ball Mix from any supermarket.
Also – the chicken that you've had in the soup is delicious. The color may look "yellow" because it wasn't baked or broiled, but taste it – it is amazing! We always have that for our dinner when I've cooked soup.